How do I calculate my gear ratio?
Use the following formula:
|= final drive ratio|
|X final drive ratio = overall ratio|
Just like in a full size car, the numerically higher ratio is actually geared "lower" for more acceleration while just the opposite will permit more top speed. For example: An overall ratio of 19.72 will give you incredible acceleration, but low top speed. A 7.07 ratio would really go fast, but acceleration may be sluggish.
If you want more acceleration and less top speed, use a smaller pinion gear (fewer teeth). For more top speed, use a larger pinion gear. If you are worried that you might be under or overgeared, check the temperature of the battery pack and motor after a full run. If the batteries are extremely hot, and/or the motor is too hot to touch, your model is probably overgeared (higher ratio numerically). Try a lower gear ratio (smaller pinion gear for example). If you are not able to run your model for at least four minutes before the batteries die, then change to a lower gear ratio. This temperature test assumes that the model is close to factory stock weight and operates freely with no excessive friction, dragging, or binding.